The Future of Bluegrass Music

Words & Photos By J-man

We know where bluegrass music originated. We know all about Bill Monroe's contribution, Del McCoury's longevity and Garcia/Grisman's building of a bridge to jam/improvised music. But what about the future of bluegrass? Where will it go from here? With the gaining popularity of bands like Yonder Mountain String Band, Cornmeal and Greensky Bluegrass, what's to become of the traditions of this roots music? Moreover, what's going to be the next musical innovation within' this genre?

For answers to my questions, I turned to guys like Tim Carbone (Railroad Earth), Anders Beck (Greensky Bluegrass), Vince Herman (Leftover Salmon/Great American Taxi), Del McCoury, Sam Bush, and Jeff Austin (Yonder Mountain String Band).

In order to discuss the direction of the music, you have to establish a reference point in which to work from. When asked about the future of Bluegrass music Anders and Vince both responded by referencing Bill Monroe.

"First off, its really hard to talk about "traditional bluegrass" and really know that we mean the same thing. To me, "traditional bluegrass" means straight ahead, old school bluegrass music that sounds exactly like it did when Bill Monroe and Earl Scruggs started it" Anders stated.

"Bluegrass was created out of old time music for commercial radio use. It's Bill Monroe's vision, his boogie woogie" proclaimed Vince.

Our reference/starting point for the discussion about the changing and adapting of this music would be Bill Monroe's early material throughout the mid forties and fifties. We'll work from that point on. In the beginning the music was raw, acoustic based mountain music with quick tempos, high tenor harmonies and a preview of what was to come in regards to instrumental virtuosity. With the addition of Earl Scruggs' three-finger banjo style to Bill's band, the music started to take shape and adapt. With the folk revival of the 1960's, many college students and young people were turned onto Bill's music. The innovation in his music was apparent immediately when Bill began recruiting forward thinkers/pickers like Bill "Brad" Keith and Peter Rowan.

Through the decades the music began to change and strengthen in both popularity and compositional respects. With the increasing popularity came an influx of folks playing Bill's music, but with their own personal touch or spin on it. From there, the music began to morph. By the time the 70's rolled around, there were a couple of major influences to the changing of bluegrass and the beginning of the Jamgrass/Newgrass movement... Newgrass Revival and Old and in The Way.

Old and in The Way was a band comprised of Jerry Garcia, Peter Rowan, Vassar Clements, David Grissman and John Kahn. They put their spin on a number of traditional song, including "Uncle Pen" as well as covers such as the Rolling Stones' "Wild Horses", to originals such as Peter Rowan's "Panama Red". Their ability to bridge rock and bluegrass with a hint of improvisation jam music fueled the creative fire within' the genre.

Newgrass Revival bred a new form of progressive bluegrass styling that pushed the bounds and raised the bar for what became "Newgrass" music. This may have been the single biggest leap/progression within' the genre to date. With guys like Sam Bush, Bela Fleck, John Cowan and Pat Flynn, progression was inevitable.

Now let's bring this current and gain some perspective on where traditional bluegrass music stands today within' an ever expanding genre...

"Music will reflect the times and it's no longer 1952. As long as the music happens in a community of friends with an eye on roots and tradition, it will evolve just fine" Vince stated.

When asked about the future of bluegrass, Tim Carbone said "I travel a good bit in the south and all around the country. A month doesn't go by that I don't hear some young phenom playing the fiddle, guitar, banjo or mandolin. It can be quite annoying... just kidding... sorta. The future of traditional bluegrass music is in good hands. There will always be the pure stuff."

I took comfort in knowing that Vince and Tim felt the future of the tradtions were in good hands. I wondered about bands that implemented outside musical influences and what their take would be on the value and continuation of the traditional sound. For that I turned to Anders Beck.

"I think that the future of bluegrass music is going to continue to evolve away from the strictest definitions of the music as more of the younger players (and I'm talking anywhere from fifteen to forty year olds) begin to meld all of their other influences into the music. That's what we do in Greensky... not because we are really trying to specifically do that, but because we all love bluegrass, but we also love other types of music like jambands or 80's music, etc."

I reflected on the growth in popularity of Newgrass and Jamgrass music. I wondered if the more traditional folks viewed it as a threat? For that I referred back to my interview with Del McCoury from this past summer at Grey Fox.

"I always felt, and Bill felt this way; People have to play what they like to play, or like to sing... and if it's Jamgrass, well I'm all for it. If it's Newgrass, that's fine." Del said with sincerity.

He went on to say with a smile, "I remember when Sam Bush, he's my old buddy... I remember when those guys started with that. They were kind of one of the first popular bands to do "Newgrass". And I liked it! I didn't find it in myself to do it, But I liked listening to them do it. It gives another branch to the music."

One of the most traditional men in music today, supports the branching and more progressive approach to bluegrass. I appreciate so much, to see guys like Del McCoury, who are traditional in nature, supporting innovation and progression.

I went back to something Anders said about Newgrass/Jamgrass and his introduction to bluegrass. "I absolutely see it as an aid to the longevity and security of bluegrass music. It catches people's attention who may not have ever liked bluegrass in the first place and brings them into the fold. Using myself as an example, I got into bluegrass because I was a Deadhead and learned that Garcia played in a bluegrass band. I figured I would check it out and bought "Old And In The Way." I loved it first because it was a new side of Jerry that I didnt know, but then began loving the vibe and energy of the music. Fast forward a few months and I'm buying Earl Scruggs albums and lots of other roots of bluegrass type stuff."

I then turned to Sam Bush. I was curious what drove him to the progressive side of bluegrass music. "It really is a matter of growing up around bluegrass style music, or country music in general. This is music about playing it the way you feel and obviously certain things are traditionally handed down in certain styles. So I learned certain fiddle tune styles, but also at the same time you have to realize that while I was watching country music shows and Grand Ole' Opry shows as a kid, I was also watching the Beatles on Ed Sullivan. At the same time I was lovin' bluegrass, I was also (when I was in high school) playing electric guitar in rock bands. It was all just music to me. I don't really think about what type of music it is or what genre it is it. It just either appeals to me or not." Sam told me.

We know that bluegrass music is changing, we know what's motivating and driving the progression, but what will be the next innovation? "I don't have much of a clue. You have so many sub-genres within bluegrass. Newgrass, Jamgrass, Jazzgrass, the Classical Grass of the Punch Bros., etc... I would hope more and better songs." Tim said.

"... Besides anything technical like better gear to get acoustic instruments to sound better through huge PA systems or something like that, I really think that the only innovation can be in the creative process. I think the only big change or innovation that I can see happening is people putting their own creative stamp on the music and therefore making it different than anything before it... While the traditional folks probably won't admit it, and you might get crucified for saying it at the IBMA conference, Yonder Mountain String Band has done more for bluegrass than any other band in a long time. They are the new Old and In The Way in that they turn huge amounts of people onto bluegrass music who may have otherwise never discovered it." Professed Anders.

I wondered what Yonder Mountain's Jeff Austin thought? "As long as bands like the Stringdusters continue to get respect, I have hope." He went on to say "I don't play in a bluegrass band, so I feel weird having an opinion either way."

"I personally think people should relax. It's that super smart shit that will destroy the vibe of community music... Can't wait for Justin Bieber's grass record myself." Vince told me.

After all of the insight, I felt better about the security and productive continuation of bluegrass music as a whole. I wondered what it would take for some of the defenders of tradition to see the light and value in the increasing popularity of their music based on change, adaptation, innovation, and ultimately in the end; respect. It seems counter productive to deny or turn a blind eye on innovation. What some view as the downfall of traditional bluegrass music, may in the end be it's savior.


  1. nice article. bluegrass is safe.

  2. This article is very poorly written. Sorry but it's the truth.

  3. We're open to constructive criticism. I did my best to convey the perspective of the sources/artists involved, while piecing together a relevant flow of information.

    Please elaborate on your criticism, so that we may improve as we proceed.


  4. This is a good topic that should trigger interesting opinions. I think we can all be a little too obsessed on defining music within a specific genre. Maybe that's so we can have it compartmentalized in our brains. However, music is an art form, and art forms are fluid and always evolving because they are subject to the personal interpretation of the artists. That is why it is challenging to classify certain music. The lines can be quite gray at the edges between traditional bluegrass, contemporary bluegrass, and whatever else you might call music that stretches beyond those "boundaries" but utilizes bluegrass influences and/or instrumentation. The distinction is in the ear of the beholder. I don't think Monroe, Flatt & Scruggs, or the Stanleys will become lost in time. They will simply have to increasingly share the stage with extensions of the music they have created and influenced.

  5. We appreciate your insight and it seems it's on par with what the sources in the article felt.


  6. IMHO, as a bluegrasser fortunate enough to have seen most of the 1st generation (Monroe, The Stanley Bros., Mac Wiseman, Jim & Jesse, Jimmy Martin, and others), and having played enough to have earned about $1.30 an hour, and having read your article two and one-half times, I have a couple of opinions!
    1. The sub-genres of bluegrass don't seem to mix very well.
    2. A preponderance of the members of each sub-genre are very loyal to their own.
    3. It may be that the loyalty keeps many of them from being tolerant of their brethren. (twin sons of different mothers, so to speak) I'm not sure how much positive effect YMSB has, 'cause I'm not inclined to be where they are or listen to their music...there's SO MUCH good, more traditional music to hear. (I did go to their website and listen to them, a while ago...very good music, whatever it is called...I'd call it bluegrass...wouldn't listen to them over the Boxcars or Danny Paisley [not enough drive])

    Having loved, simultaneously the first Newgrass Revival album, and Del's early music with the Dixie Pals, I had the best of all worlds, in manageable doses! I think the "BG" followers today are forced to drink from a firehose! Almost too much of a good thing! Musicians - great musicians - crossing and recrossing the lines!

    I saw what Tim Carbone referred to when I attended the IBMA's in Nashville! The halls were alive with the sounds of BG! Mostly acoustic and mostly good...damn those young kids! ;) Traditional BG isn't going to die! The family tree will grow! Just hope the new branches remember where they came from.

    Rush Burkhardt
    Fripp Island, SC

  7. I agree that this article isn't very well written. Too much quoting, not enough of the author's voice. The sentence structure left a little to be desired as well. "I appreciate so much, to see guys like Del McCoury, who are traditional in nature, supporting innovation and progression." Very wordy and convoluted sentence.

    That being said, it was an enjoyable read, and it's always nice to hear from artists. And I agree, the future of Bluegrass music is in very good hands with the likes of Sarah Jarosz, Railroad Earth, Greensky, and The Infamous Stringdusters.

  8. Rush,

    We appreciate your insight.


    Thank you for the constructive criticism. I hear what you're saying about excessive quotes, etc. My goal in writing this article was to communicate the view of others relevant to the scene/music, as opposed to my opinion.


  9. I thought the quotes were the concept. Why should I care what somebody who I don't know has to stay about the future of lLuegrass, I do care what Tim, Jeff, Sam and Del have to say though.

  10. ... That was kind of my point. I just had to find a way to create a coherent flows to the article bridging together the opinions of folks relevant to the music...


  11. I found the article very interesting and I LOVED the quotes! Especially the one from Vince reading, "It's that super smart shit that will destroy the vibe of community music..."

    Keep your head up J-Man. Don't let the "super smart" critics out there bring you down. I am just glad there is someone like you to document and distribute news about bluegrass for the rest of us!

    Hope to see you all at some sweet festivals in 2011!! Bluegrass will never die if the community keeps the love alive.


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